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About Hungary

Geography


Hungary (93,030 km2)is divided in two by its main waterway, the Danube (Duna); other large rivers include the Tisza and Dráva, while Transdanubia contains Lake Balaton, a major body of water. The second largest thermal lake in the world, Lake Hévíz (Hévíz Spa), is located in Hungary. The second largest lake in the Carpathian Basin is the artificial Lake Tisza (Tisza-tó). Slightly more than one half of Hungary`s landscape consists of flat to rolling plains of the Pannonian Basin: the most important plain regions include the Little Hungarian Plain in the west, and the Great Hungarian Plain in the southeast. The highest elevation above sea level on the latter is only 183 metres (600 ft).


States & Territories


Administratively, Hungary is divided into 19 counties. In addition, the capital (fováros), Budapest, is independent of any county government. The counties and the capital are the 20NUTS third-level units of Hungary.The counties are further subdivided into 174 (1 January 2011.) subregions (kistérségek), and Budapest is its own subregion. Since 1996, the counties and City of Budapest have been grouped into 7 regions for statistical and development purposes. These seven regions constitute NUTS` second-level units of Hungary. There are also 23 towns with county rights (singular megyei jogú város), sometimes known as "urban counties" in English (although there is no such term in Hungarian). The local authorities of these towns have extended powers, but these towns belong to the territory of the respective county instead of being independent territorial units.


Time Zone


In Summer the time zone of Hungary is UTC+2, in all other seasons its UTC+1.


History


During the last ice age humans in Hungary lived by hunting mammoths and reindeer with stone weapons. When the ice age ended they hunted smaller animals. However about 5,000 BC farming was introduced into Hungary although the farmers still used stone tools. Then about 2,000 BC they learned to use bronze. About 800 BC people in Hungary learned to make iron tools and weapons. After 500 BC they traded with the Greeks. They also learned to use the potters wheel. The Magyars are descended from the Finno-Ugric people who were also the ancestors of the Finns and the Estonians. Originally they lived in what is now Russia. About 1,000 BC they split. The ancestors of the Magyars moved west and southward. By the late 9th century they had begun raiding the eastern part of the Frankish Empire. In 896, under their leader Arpad they conquered eastern Hungary. In 900 they captured the western part. Hungary became the Magyar homeland. However for decades they continued raiding other parts of central Europe. In the 11th and 12th centuries Hungary became firmly a part of Western civilisation. Bela III (1172-1196) reformed the administration, modelling it on that of the Byzantine Empire. Settlers from Germany and Romania came to Hungary and in the 12th century foreign visitors described it as a prosperous country. Furthermore in the late 12th and early 13th century trade flourished and new towns were created in Hungary. In 1526 the Turkish ruler Suleiman the Magnificent led an army northwards. The Hungarians met them at the battle of Mohacs on 29 August 1526. The Hungarians were routed and their king was killed. In September the Turks burned Buda. Most of the Turks then withdrew with their loot. However they did leave behind soldiers to man key fortresses. Although they did not attempt to conquer Hungary in one go they intended to take it in stages. From the end of the 18th century onwards nationalism in Hungary grew steadily as did interest in Magyar, language, culture and history.Meanwhile the period 1825-1848 was an age of reform and the diet carried out a number of fiscal and economic reforms. Furthermore industry in Hungary began to develop. In the late 19th century Hungary developed economically. Industry grew rapidly (although Hungary was still a mainly agricultural country in 1914). Meanwhile marshlands were drained for farming and agriculture increased its output.Furthermore the population of Hungary rose to 18 million in 1910 and the percentage of people living in towns increased substantially.Meanwhile in 1868 compulsory education was introduced for 6 to 12 year olds in Hungary.  In 1998, the European Union began negotiations with Hungary on full membership. In a 2003 national referendum, 85% voted in favour of Hungary joining the European Union, which followed on 1 May 2004.


Education in Hungary


Today the number of universities and colleges - state and non-state (private and religious, recognized by the state) is over ten in Budapest alone, many of them offering graduate (B.Sc., M.Sc.) and post graduate (Ph.D., DLA) programs in English. There are several scientific research centers with international connections cooperating with the universities.
Fields of study:
 
Medical disciplines:

• General Medicine
• Dentistry
• Pharmacy
• Physiotherapy
• Veterinary
 
Engineering disciplines:

• Computer & IT
• Civil
• Mechanical
• Chemical
• Architectural
• Electronics
 
Economic & Humanities:

• International Business
• Business administration
• MBA
• Diploma in Art (Visual studio)