+91 93573 99666
info@wdic.in
Blog Discussion Forum
About Bulgaria

Geography


Bulgaria occupies a portion of the eastern Balkan peninsula, bordering five countries???Greece and Turkey to the south, Macedonia and Serbia to the west, and Romania to the north. The land borders have a total length of 1,808 kilometers (1,123 mi), and the coastline has a length of 354 kilometers (220 mi). Its total area of 110,994 kilometers (68,968 mi) ranks it as the world`s 105th-largest country Bulgaria’s geographic coordinates are 43° N 25° E. The country has a dense network of about 540 rivers, most of which are relatively small and with low water level. The longest river located solely in Bulgarian territory, the Iskar, has a length of 368 kilometers (229 mi). Other major rivers include the Struma and the Maritsa in the south. Bulgaria has a dynamic climate, which results from its being positioned at the meeting point of Mediterranean and continental air masses and the barrier effect of its mountains. Northern Bulgaria averages 1 °C (34 °F) cooler and registers 200 millimeters (7.9 in) more annually than the regions south of the Balkan Mountains. Temperature amplitudes vary significantly in different areas. Overall, Bulgaria`s climate is temperate, with cold, damp winters and hot, dry summers. The natural resources in Bulgaria are Bauxite, Copper, Lead, Zinc, and Coal.


States & Territories


Bulgaria is a unitary state, It includes 27 provinces and a metropolitan capital province (Sofia-Grad). All areas take their names from their respective capital cities. The provinces subdivide into 264 municipalities.


Time Zone


Whole Bulgaria shares a common time zone of UTC +3 in summer and UTC+2 in other seasons.


History


First Bulgarian Empire: Asparukh, son of Old Great Bulgaria`s khan Kubrat, migrated with several Bulgar tribes (supposed by most scholars to have been a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia) to the lower courses of the rivers Danube, Dniester and Dniepr. After 670 he was forced by the Avars to move into the Balkan Peninsula by leading a horde of 50,000 across the Danube and in 680 severed Scythia Minor from the Byzantine Empire. Succeeding khans strengthened the Bulgarian state throughout the 8th and 9th centuries. The Cyrillic alphabet was created in Bulgaria`s capital Preslav, becoming the official alphabet of Bulgaria in late IX century AD. Second Bulgarian Empire: In 1185 Asen dynasty nobles Ivan Asen I and Peter IV organised a major uprising which resulted in the re-establishment of the Bulgarian state. The country`s military and economic might declined after the Asen dynasty ended in 1257, facing internal conflicts, constant Byzantine and Hungarian attacks and Mongol domination . By the late 14th century the Ottoman Turks had started their conquest of Bulgaria and had taken most towns and fortresses south of the Balkan Mountains.
Third Bulgarian state:The Treaty of San Stefano was signed on 3 March 1878 This played a significant role in forming Bulgaria`s militaristic approach to foreign affairs during the first half of the 20th century. The Bulgarian principality won a war against Serbia and incorporated the semi-autonomous Ottoman territory of Eastern Rumelia in 1885, proclaiming it an independent state on 22 September 1908.  Bulgaria entered World War II in 1941 as a member of the Axis but declined to participate in Operation Barbarossa and saved its Jewish population from deportation to concentration camps. The left-wing uprising of 9 September 1944 led to the abolition of monarchic rule, but it was not until 1946 when a single-party people`s republic was established. In an attempt to erase the identity of the ethnic Turk minority, an assimilation campaign was launched in 1984. The first free elections in June 1990 were won by the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP, the freshly-renamed Communist Party). After 2001 economic, political and geopolitical conditions improved greatly] and Bulgaria achieved high Human Development status it became a member of NATO in 2004 and of the European Union in 2007.Religion adopted by people are Bulgarian orthodox, Muslim, Roman Catholic.


Study in Bulgaria


International Students has many options in Bulgaria from general English Course to MBBS degree, the fee varies from 2500 Euro to 5500 Euro depends upon chosen course and level of study.